Main Article Content


The novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV, or COVID-19) epidemic first broke out in Wuhan and has been spreading in whole China and the world. The number of new infections and deaths is increasing, which became public health concern. The main objective of the study is to assess factors influencing stigmatization among staff survivors of Covid-19 at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. The study was conducted at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. A descriptive study was employed as the study type and a cross-sectional study as the design. The population for the study consisted of staff survivors of Covid-19 at Korli-Bu Teaching Hospital. A convenient sampling technique was used to select 335 participants who arrived using Yamane’s formula. Structured questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using STATA version 16 software. Frequencies, percentages, and regression analysis were used at a 0.05 significance level. The study found an adequate knowledge of health workers and stigmatization. Participants scored an average percentage concerning the items used to measure the survivors and stigma. The logistic regression analysis showed that there was an established factor that determined stigma among health workers at Korli Bu Teaching Hospital. Survivors of Covid-19 are a global challenge among health workers and are mostly stigmatized due to their poor knowledge of Covid-19.


Covid-19 stigmatization stigmatization among staff korli-bu teaching hospital

Article Details

How to Cite
Abebrese, J., Boatemaa, R., & Chinaza Adaobi, C. (2023). Factors Influencing Stigmatization among Staff Survivors of Covid-19. Journal of Engineering Applied Science and Humanities, 8(3), 164–178.


  1. Al Knawy, B. A., Al-Kadri, H. M. F., Elbarbary, M., Arabi, Y., Balkhy, H. H., & Clark, A. (2019). Perceptions of postoutbreak management by management and healthcare workers of a Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreak in a tertiary care hospital: A qualitative study. BMJ Open, 9(5), 1–9.
  2. Atinga, R. A., Mummy, N., Alhassan, I., & Ayawine, A. (2021). Original Article Recovered but Constrained : Narratives of Ghanaian COVID-19 Survivors Experiences and Coping Pathways of Stigma , Discrimination , Social Exclusion and Their Sequels. x, 1–13.
  3. Bhattacharya, P., Banerjee, D., & Rao, T. S. S. (2020). The “ Untold ” Side of COVID-19 : Social Stigma and Its Consequences in India. 42(4).
  4. Birhanu, A., Balis, B., & Yadeta, T. A. (2021). Personal protective equipment utilization practice and psychological preparedness of health care workers against COVID-19 pandemic in Eastern Ethiopia.
  5. City, W., Province, H., & Africa, I. (2020). Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic in Ghana. 54(January), 72–73.
  6. Document, O. A., Policy, O., & Guidance, P. W. (2020). Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19.
  7. Etikan, I. (2016). Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1), 1.
  8. Eyram, M., Id, A., Dajaan, S., Id, D., Duti, V., Id, E. A., Ashinyo, A., Asare, B. A., Ackon, A. A., Akoriyea, K., & Kuma-aboagye, P. (2021). Infection prevention and control compliance among exposed healthcare workers in COVID-19 treatment centers in Ghana : A descriptive cross-sectional study. 1–13.
  9. Golfashni, N. (2011). Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research. Education Research and Perspectives, 38(1), 105–123.
  10. Greenberg, N., & Tracy, D. (2020). What healthcare leaders need to do to protect the psychological well-being of frontline staff in the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Leader, 4(3), 101–102.
  11. Id, A. M., Shibiru, S., Girma, M., Ayele, G., & Id, A. B. (2021). Health professionals practice and associated factors towards precautionary measures for COVID-19 pandemic in public health facilities of Gamo zone , southern Ethiopia : A cross- sectional study. 1–17.
  12. Khan, M., & Khan, S. T. (2021). Epidemiology and Progress So Far. 1–25.
  13. Levin, K. A. (2014). Study Design III : cross-sectional studies Study design III : Cross-sectional studies. Researchgate, 7(February), 24–25.
  14. March, U. (2020). Overview of U . S . Domestic Response to Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ). 2019.
  15. Masterton, R. G., Mifsud, A. J., & Gopal Rao, G. (2021). Review of hospital isolation and infection control precautions. Journal of Hospital Infection, 54(3), 171–173.
  16. Min, H. S., & Moon, S. (2021). The Use of Personal Protective Equipment among Frontline Nurses in a Nationally Designated COVID-19 Hospital during the Pandemic. 53(4), 705–717.
  17. Moonasar, D., Pillay, A., Leonard, E., Naidoo, R., Mngemane, S., Ramkrishna, W., Jamaloodien, K., Lebese, L., Chetty, K., Bamford, L., & Tanna, G. (2021). COVID-19 : lessons and experiences from South Africa ’ s first surge. 1–5.
  18. Nichol, K., McGeer, A., Bigelow, P., O’Brien-Pallas, L., Scott, J., & Holness, D. L. (2013). Behind the mask: Determinants of nurse’s adherence to facial protective equipment. American Journal of Infection Control, 41(1), 8–13.
  19. No, I. Z. A. D. P., Vlassopoulos, M., Wang, L. C., Wang, L. C., & Vlassopoulos, M. (2020). DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES Stigma and Misconceptions in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Field Experiment in India Stigma and Misconceptions in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Field Experiment in India. 13995.
  20. Ortenzi, F., Albanese, E., & Fadda, M. (2020). A Transdisciplinary Analysis of COVID-19 in Italy : The Most A ff ected Country in Europe. January, 1–12.
  21. Razu, S. R., Yasmin, T., Arif, T. B., & Islam, S. (2021). Challenges Faced by Healthcare Professionals During the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Qualitative Inquiry From. 9(August).
  22. Savoia, E., Argentini, G., Gori, D., Neri, E., Piltch-loeb, R., & Fantini, P. (2020). Factors associated with access and use of PPE during COVID-19 : A cross-sectional study of Italian physicians. 1–12.
  23. Stoecklin, S. B., Rolland, P., Silue, Y., Mailles, A., Campese, C., Simondon, A., Mechain, M., Meurice, L., Nguyen, M., Bassi, C., Yamani, E., Behillil, S., & Ismael, S. (2020). First cases of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) in France : surveillance, investigations and control measures, January 2020. 2019(January).
  24. Tii, M., Id, K., Awingura, P., Id, A., Yeboah, E. O., & Lettor, B. K. (2021). Knowledge and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among pregnant women seeking antenatal services in Northern Ghana. 1–11.
  25. Zhu, H., Wei, L., & Niu, P. (2020). The novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan ,. 6, 2019–2021.